Page last updated: 24th February 2023.

Under the Fisheries (Reporting) Regulations 2017, you’re required to complete and submit a Non-Fish or Protected Species (NFPS) report if there are any capture interactions with the following species:

You'll find more information about NFPS reporting requirements as well as reporting codes below.


The Fisheries (Reporting) Regulations 2017 require you to complete and submit a Non-Fish or Protected Species (NFPS) report if there are any capture interactions with the following species:

  • Seabirds
  • Mammals (e.g. dolphins, seals)
  • Reptiles (e.g. Turtles)
  • Protected Fish Species (e.g. Manta Rays, Basking Sharks)
  • Select Bottom Dwelling (Benthic) Organisms (Corals, Sponges, Bryozoans)

The Conservation Services Programme (CSP) defines non-fish capture events as “all interactions with fishing activity including captures by fishing gear, impacts against the vessel and its structures (i.e. deck strikes) and other non-fishing gear events (e.g. landing on vessel, marine mammals climbing up the stern ramp).” A deck strike is defined as “being when an animal collides/impacts with the vessel or its superstructure and is unable to leave the vessel of its own accord (either through injury or disorientation).”

You must report all capture interactions that occur during a fishing event on a single NFPS report that is linked to that fishing event. For example, if you capture a seabird and turtle in the same tow, record these on one NFPS report. You must complete and submit this report at the same time as the fishing event if the NFPS interaction happens during that fishing event.

You can report capture interactions that happen outside of fishing events as a separate NFPS report. This doesn’t need to link to a fishing event, but you must complete and submit the report by midnight of the day you became aware of the interaction. Separate NFPS reports are required for each interaction that occurs outside of fishing events (e.g. if two deck strikes occur at different times of day, you must report each one on separate reports).

Seabirds & Capture Codes

You must report all seabird captures regardless of whether the bird was captured as result of interacting with fishing gear (e.g. trawl nets) or not (e.g. deck strikes, landing on the vessel). Where a bird lands on the vessel, you only need to report interactions if it requires assistance to leave. You don’t need to report interactions where a bird lands on deck before flying away unassisted. You must provide a seabird capture code if the interaction occurs due to trawl, surface longline, bottom longline, or trot line fishing gear or a deck strike.

Corals, Sponges, Bryozoans

Corals, sponges, and bryozoans are the only types of benthic organisms required to be reported. Any other captured benthic organisms should be reported on disposal reports using the appropriate code(s).

Retaining Protected Species

You must have authorisation from either a DOC permit or a Fisheries New Zealand observer to retain protected fish and non-fish species (seabirds, mammals, reptiles, and most corals). It is illegal to interfere with any protected species, regardless of whether it is dead or alive, prior to returning it to the sea.

There are a range of resources available online to help you identify non-fish or protected species.


Common nameScientific nameCode
Albatrosses Diomedeidae (Family)
Albatrosses (unidentified) XAL
Great Albatrosses XGA
Wandering Albatrosses (Generic) Diomedea spp. XWA
Antipodean and Gibson’s Albatross D. antipodensis XAG
Snowy (Wandering) Albatross  D. exulans XGA
Royal Albatrosses (Generic) D. sanfordi and D.epomophora XRU
Northern Royal Albatross D. sanfordi XNR
Southern Royal Albatross D. epomophora XRA
Smaller Albatrosses Thalassarche spp. XMA
Buller’s And Pacific Albatross T. bulleri XPB
Black-Browed Albatross T. impavida and T. melanophris XKM
(Generic) Campbell Albatross T. impavida XCM
Southern Black-Browed Albatross (Shy Albatrosses) T. melanophris XSM
(Generic) Chatham Island T. eremita XCI
Albatross Salvin’s Albatross T. salvini XSA
White-Capped Albatross T. steadi XWM
Grey-Headed Albatross T. chrysostoma XGM
Light-Mantled Sooty Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata XLM
Boobies and Gannets Sulidae (Family)
Australasian Gannet Morus serrator XGT
Other (Unidentified Gannet Type) XSU
Gulls and Terns Laridae (Family)
Seagulls (Generic)  Larus spp. XMA
Black-backed Gull Larus dominicanus XBG
Red-Billed Gull Larus scopulinus XRB
Terns (Generic) XTE
Unidentified Gull Or Tern XLA
Petrels, Prions, and Shearwaters Hydrobatidae, Procellariidae, and Pelecanoididae (Families)
Unidentified Petrel, Prion or Shearwater Hydrobatidae, Procellariidae, and Pelecanoididae (Families) XXP
Petrels (Generic) Procellariidae (Family) XPE
Fulmarine Petrels (Generic)
Antarctic Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides XAF
Antarctic Petrel Thalassoica antarctica XAP
Cape Petrels Daption spp. XCP
Giant Petrels (Generic) Macronectes spp. XTP
Northern Giant Petrel M. halli XNP
Southern Giant Petrel M. giganteus XSP
Prions (Generic) Pachyptila spp. XPN
Antarctic Prion P. desolata XPR
Broad-billed Prion P. vittata XPV
Fairy Prion P. turtur XFP
Mid-Sized Petrels and Shearwaters Pterodroma, Procellaria and Puffinus spp. XPM
Pterodroma Petrels (Generic) Pterodroma spp. XPT
White-headed Petrel P. lessonii XWH
Great-winged (Grey-faced) Petrel P. macroptera XGF
Procellaria Petrels (Generic) Procellaria spp. XPC
Black Petrel P. parkinsoni XBP
Grey Petrel P. cinerea XGP
White-chinned Petrel P. aequinoctialis XWC
Westland Petrel P. westlandica XWP
Shearwaters (Generic) Puffinus spp. XSW
Buller’s Shearwater P. bulleri XBS
Fluttering Shearwater P. gavia XFL
Flesh-footed Shearwater P. carneipes XFS
Sooty Shearwater P. griseus XSH
Short-tailed Shearwater P. tenuirostris XTS
Storm Petrels (Generic) Hydrobatidae (Family) XST
Black-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta tropica XFT
Grey-backed Storm Petrel Garrodia nereis XGB
White-bellied Storm Petrel F. grallaria XWB
White-faced Storm Petrel Pelagodroma marina XWF
Diving Petrels (Generic) Pelecanoididae (Family)
Common Diving Petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix XDP
Penguins Spheniscidae (Family)
Little Blue Penguin Eudyptula minor XLB
Yellow-Eyed Penguin Megadytes antipodes XYP
Crested Penguins Eudyptes spp. XCR
Penguin (Unidentified) XPG
Shags Phalacrocoracidae (Family)
Pied Shag Phalacrocorax varius XPS
Spotted Shag P. punctatus XPP
Shag (Unidentified) XHG
Common nameScientific nameCode
Dolphins and Toothed Whales Odontoceti (Suborder)
Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncates BDO
Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis CDD
Dusky Dolphin Lagenorhynchus obscurus DDO
Hector’s Dolphin Cephalorhynchus hectori hectori HDO
Māui Dolphin Cephalorhynchus hectori maui HDM
Orca Orcinus orca ORC
Pilot Whale Globicephala melas PIW
Spectacled Porpoise Phocoena dioptrica PHD
Other (Unidentified Dolphin) WHT
Baleen Whales Mysticeti (Suborder)
Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus FIW
Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae HBW
Minke Whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata MIW
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis SEW
Southern Right Whale Eubalaena australis SRW
Other Baleen (Unidentified Whale) Mysticeti (Suborder) WHB
Seals and Sea Lions Phocidae and Otariidae (Families)
Elephant Seal Mirounga leonine EPH
Leopard Seal Hydrurga leptonyx LEO
New Zealand Fur Seal Arctocephalus forsteri FUR
New Zealand Sea Lion Phocarctos hookeri HSL
Other (Unidentified) SEA
Common nameScientific nameCode
Marine Turtles Chelonioidea (Superfamily)
Green Turtle Chelonia mydas GNT
Hawksbill Turtle Eretmochelys imbricate HBT
Leatherback Turtle Dermochelys coriacea LBT
Loggerhead Turtle Caretta caretta LHT
Other (Unidentified) TLE
Sea Snakes Hydrophiidae (Family)
Banded Sea Snake Laticauda colubrine BSS
Yellow-bellied Sea Snake Pelamis platurus YSS
Other (Unidentified) SSN
Common nameScientific nameCode
Corals, Sponges, and Bryozoans Porifera (Phylum), Bryozoa (Phylum), Alcyonacea (Order), Gorgonacea (Order), Scleractinia (Order), Antipatharia (Order), Stylasteridae (Family) CSB
Coral (Unidentified) Alcyonacea (Order), Gorgonacea (Order), Scleractinia (Order), Antipatharia (Order), Stylasteridae (Family) COU
Sponges Porifera (Phylum) ONG
Bryozoan Bryozoa (Phylum) COZ

These species codes must only be used if you are fishing under a High Seas Permit.

Common nameScientific nameCode
Stony corals Scleractinia within the genera Solenosmilia; Goniocorella; Oculina; Enallopsammia; Madrepora; Lophelia SIA
Soft corals (other than those designated as Gorgonian Alcyonacea) Alcyonacea (Order) SOC
Includes bamboo corals (Isididae), red / precious corals (Corallidae), bottle brush corals and sea fans (Primnoidae), bubblegum corals (Paragorglidae), and golden corals (Chrysogorglidae) Gorgonian Alcyonacea; all taxa within the sub-orders Holaxonia; Calaxonia; Scleraxonia GOC
Hydroids (other than those designated as Stylasteridae) Anthoathecata (Order) and Leptothecata (Order) HDR
Stylasterids (hydrocorals) Stylasteridae (Family) COR
Hexacorals Zoantharia (Order) ZAH
Anemones Actiniara (Order) ATR
Sea pens Pennatulacea (Order) PTU
Crinoids Crinoidea (Class) CRI
Armless stars Brisingida (Order) BRG
Giant, agglutinated foraminifera Xenophyophorea (Superfamily) GAF
Tube-building annelid worms Serpulidae (Family) SZS
Common nameScientific nameCode
White Pointer Shark Carcharodon carcharias WPS
Spotted Black Grouper Epinephelus daemelii SBG
Black Corals Antipatharia (Order) COB
Red Hydrocorals Errina spp. ERR
Smalltooth Sandtiger Shark (Deepwater Nurse Shark) Odontaspis ferox ODO
Whale Shark Rhincodon typus WSH
Manta Ray Manta birostris RMB
Spine-tailed Devil Ray Mobula japanica MJA
Giant Grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus GGP
Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus BSK
Oceanic Whitetip Shark Carcharhinus longimanus OWS

If the seabird was caught due to an interaction with trawl fishing gear, use the appropriate code based on whether you think the bird was caught in the net or in the warps. Use the “other” code if you are unsure where the bird was caught or if it was not taken in the net or warps.

If the seabird was caught due to an interaction with surface longline, bottom longline, or trot line fishing gear, use the appropriate code based on whether you think the bird was caught while setting or hauling. Use the “other” code if you are unsure.

If the seabird is caught as a result of a deck strike, use the appropriate code.

A seabird capture code does not need to be provided for any fishing method other than trawl, surface longline, bottom longline, trot line, or a deck strike.

Fish Catch Event TypeDescriptionSeabird Capture Code
Trawl Warp W
Trawl Net N
Trawl Other O
Lining / Tuna lining Setting S
Lining / Tuna Lining Hauling H
Lining / Tuna Lining Other O
N/A Deck Strike L

Please contact the helpline on 04 460 9555 or use our online contact form if you have any issues or questions.

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